The Australia & New Zealand Biosolids Partnership is managed by the Australian Water Association

Australia and New Zealand Guidelines

National Australian Guidelines

NWQMS (2004) Guidelines for Sewerage Systems Sludge (Biosolids) Management.' National Water Quality Management Strategy. Agriculture and Resource Management Council of Australia and New Zealand (ARMCANZ) and Australian and New Zealand Environment Conservation Council (ANZECC), Canberra. Copies available from the Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities.

New Zealand Guidelines

NZ Biosolids Guidelines 2003

Ministry for the Environment

Australian Capital Territory (ACT)

The Actew Corporation employs thermal distruction to convert biosolids into ash, which is then sustainably used as a soil conditioner or stabiliser. Actew Corporation rigorously monitors quality.

New South Wales (NSW)

NSW EPA (1997). Environmental Guidelines: Use and Disposal of Biosolids Products.
Available to purchase from the Department of Environment and Climate Change.

A copy of the Guidelines is available here (with permission of the NSW Dept of Environment, Climate Change and Water). Note that this is a large file (4mb) and may be slow to download. This file does not include the appendices to the Guidelines.

Environmental guidelines: Composting and related organics processing facilities

Northern Territory (NT)

The NT Health Department employs the National Guidelines (above) to manage biosolids.

Queensland (Qld)

Queensland applies the New South Wales Guidelines (above). 

Also see the 'Guideline: Waste Reduction and Recycling Act 2011 - Approval of a resource for beneficial use' here.

South Australia (SA)

EPA SA (2009), 'Draft - South Australian Biosolids Guidelines for the safe handling and reuse of biosolids' can be found here

Tasmania (Tas)

DPIWE (1999) 'Tasmanian Biosolids Reuse Guidelines.' (Department of Primary Industries, Water and Environment: Tasmania.)

Department of Tourism, Arts and the Environment (2006) Approved Management Method for Biosolids Reuse

Victoria (Vic)

EPA Victoria (2004) Guidelines for Environmental Management. Biosolids Land Application Environment Protection Authority Victoria, Publication 943, Melbourne.

Western Australia (WA)

DEC WA (2012) Western Australian Guidelines for Biosolids Management

Please note this is a "living document" and the DEC website should be consulted for any updates.

Biosolids applications of less than 1000 tonne do not require DEC approval but DOH approval is still required. Only biosolids that meet strict quality standards for pathogens and contaminants can be land-applied for beneficial purposes.

International Guidelines


Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) - Sewage in the environment

The Safe Sludge Matrix. Guidelines for the Application of Sewage Sludge to Agricultural Land
British Retail Consortium. Water UK. Agricultural, Development and Advisory Service.


United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) Office of Wastewater Management, USEPA homepage. This website includes the US EPA reference rule "CFR Part 503" for biosolids.

National Biosolids Partnership's Environmental Management System (EMS) for biosolids program

The City of Los Angeles Biosolids Environmental Management System


Guidance Document for the Beneficial Use of Municipal Biosolids, Municipal Sludge and Treated Septage - Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment

Draft: Guide for the Beneficial Use of Non-Agricultural Source Materials on Agricultural Land (Ontario)

European Commission

Sewage Sludge Directive 86/278/EEC


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